Majority of Europeans expect end of EU within 20 years

Guardian

More than half of Europeans believe the EU is likely to collapse within a generation, despite support for the bloc hitting heights not recorded in more than a quarter of a century. In France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, Austria, Slovakia, Romania, Greece, the Czech Republic and Poland, a majority of people surveyed thought EU disintegration was a “realistic possibility” in the next 10 to 20 years.

The full article is available here.

 

Don’t Fear the Eurosceptics

Daniel Gros, Project Syndicate

Although the European Union is arguably as popular as ever, the next European Parliament may well contain a large minority of forces skeptical or hostile to further integration. Instead of viewing this as a threat, pro-Europeans should seize the opportunity to start a necessary debate about the continent’s future.

The full article is available here.

 

What Europeans really want: Five myths debunked

Ivan Krastev, Mark Leonard & Susi Dennison, ECFR

Headlines about the European Parliament election in May scream that 2019 is set to be Act Three in the Donald Trump and Brexit drama, this time across the European Union. They warn of a grand showdown between those who believe in an open Europe and those who believe in closed national societies, with migration as the key mobilising issue. But are the headline-writers correct? Is this really what is brewing? New research by the European Council on Foreign Relations and YouGov suggests not.

The full article is available here.

 

Three Visions, One Direction: Plans for the Future of Europe

European Political Strategy Centre

In September 2017, European Commission President Juncker and French President Macron each outlined their visions for the future of Europe. In June 2018, German Chancellor Merkel entered the debate, presenting her own ideas and responding to many of the proposals previously put forward. This paper provides a comparative assessment of the three interventions and the proposals advanced. While recognising the nuances, the analysis reveals a strong convergence of opinions between the three leaders.

The report is available here.

 

Geopolitical Outlook for Europe

European Political Strategy Centre

The global outlook for the next 12-24 months looks to be made of ongoing international instability, with great power competition, deliberate disruptiveness and increasing transactionalism in foreign policy contributing to persisting unease and uncertainty. In this age of uncertainty, Europe’s success will hinge on its agility and speed in adapting to changing global circumstances, and its resolve to keep true to its values and founding principles.

The report is available here.

 

Europe in Disarray

Richard N. Haass, Project Syndicate

In what by historical standards constitutes an instant, the future of democracy, prosperity, and peace in Europe has become uncertain. And with the US under President Donald Trump treating its allies like enemies, the continent must confront the growing threats it faces largely on its own.

The full article is available here.

 

How populism became the concept that defines our age

Cas Mudde, The Guardian

“Populism” as a term was rarely used in the 20th century; it was limited to US historians describing, in highly specific terms, the original agrarian populists of the mid-19th century. Latin American social scientists (often Marxists) focused it primarily on the Peronists in Argentina. I only started to really engage with the term in the mid-1990s, while researching my dissertation on what was then still predominantly called “rightwing extremism”.

The full article is available here.

 

Revealed: one in four Europeans vote populist

Paul Lewis, Seán Clarke, Caelainn Barr, Josh Holder and Niko Kommenda, The Guardian

Populist parties have more than tripled their support in Europe in the last 20 years, securing enough votes to put their leaders into government posts in 11 countries and challenging the established political order across the continent. The steady growth in support for European populist parties, particularly on the right, is revealed in a groundbreaking analysis of their performance in national elections in 31 European countries over two decades, conducted by the Guardian in conjunction with more than 30 leading political scientists.

The full article is available here.

 

EU Citizenship Report 2017: Strengthening Citizens’ Rights in a Union of Democratic Change

European Union

As a citizenship shared by all Europeans, complementing and not replacing national citizenships, EU citizenship embodies shared rights and values as well as the rich diversity of a Union of different nationalities and languages.

The report is available here.

 

Eurobarometer survey shows highest support for the EU in 35 years

News European Parliament

Two thirds of Europeans believe their country has benefited from being a member of the EU, the highest percentage since 1983 and an increase of three percentage points since the autumn. In addition 60% of Europeans consider EU membership a good thing, according to the latest Eurobarometer published on Wednesday 23 May.

The full news is available here.

 

A New European Agenda for Culture

European Commission

On the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome, the Leaders of 27 Member States and EU institutions stated their ambition for a Union where citizens have new opportunities for cultural and social development and economic growth. [..] a Union which preserves our cultural heritage and promotes cultural diversity. This was confirmed at the Gothenburg Leaders' Summit in November 2017 and by the European Council in December 2017, which also highlighted the 2018 European Year of Cultural Heritage as a pivotal opportunity to increase awareness of the social and economic importance of culture and heritage.

The Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions is available here.

 

The Great European Battle Between Necessity and Identity

Jan Techau, Carnegie Europe

The EU is facing a serious dilemma: how to reconcile the need for more integration with a growing sense of lost national identity. The answer is more democracy. The EU has always attempted to square the circle between what’s needed and what’s possible. That has never been easy, but the bloc is now facing the most terrible—if not existential—dilemma of its six-decade history. If Europeans want to retain the great life they have, they will need a lot more European integration. At the same time, more integration would almost certainly destroy the EU.

The full article is available here.

 

Why has central Europe turned so eurosceptic?

Jakub Wisniewski, euobserver

Many people are puzzled by central Europe's eurosceptic turn. After all, the region has witnessed comparatively solid economic growth over the past two decades. Money from Brussels has flowed in abundance helping to transform infrastructure. Never has central Europe been more prosperous or influential, in stark contrast to its tragic and tumultuous past. So, why the resentment? Why are some calling Brussels the 'new Moscow'?

The full article is available here.

 

Europe and the identity challenge: who are "we"?

Foundation Robert Schuman

The revival of populism and extremism is a strong symptom of the identity crisis that is affecting many of the European Union's Member States. From Denmark to Italy, Austria, France and the Netherlands, various national elections are confirming the strength of populism and the parties on the far right who are imposing their discourse in public debate, the heart of which comprises economic and cultural protectionism, as well as that of identity.

The full article is available here.

 

Populism’s Second Wind

Zaki Laïdi, Project Syndicate

An economic-growth uptick, together with the election of French President Emmanuel Macron, suggest that Europe's travails may be behind it. But recent elections in Austria, Germany, and the Czech Republic tell a different story.

The full article is available here

 

How Eastern European Populism is Different

Sławomir Sierakowski, Project Syndicate

Only in Europe’s post-communist east do populists routinely beat traditional parties in elections. Of 15 Eastern European countries, populist parties currently hold power in seven, belong to the ruling coalition in two more, and are the main opposition force in three.

The full article is available here.

 

Can Movement Politics Renew European Democracy?

Jan-Werner Mueller, Project Syndicate

One might expect diffuse, grassroots movements that emerge from large-scale street protests to be more inclusive, deliberative, and democratic than traditional political parties. But the proliferation of personality-driven movements on both the right and the left in recent years calls that assumption into question.

The full article is available here.

 

Seeking answers to euroscepticism

Benjamin Fox, Euractiv.com

The prospect of Eurosceptic parties performing strongly in European and national elections has haunted EU officials and pro-Europeans for the last 15 years. Britain’s impending departure from the bloc, and the fact that the slow countdown to the next European elections in May 2019 is now underway, is focusing minds on how to avoid a repeat and, above all, how to understand what makes people Eurosceptic.

The full news is available here.

 

Is Euroskepticism in Germany on the Rise?

Cornelius Adebahr, CarnegieEurope

If Poland and Hungary are not censured for flouting EU rules, German Euroscepticism is set to rise, weakening public commitment to EU integration, warns foreign policy expert Cornelius Adebahr.

The full article is available here.

 

How transparent are the EU institutions?

Emily O’Reilly, CEPS

Matching the EU institutions’ positive rhetoric about democratic ideals with their practical administrative actions is ultimately what the European Ombudsman is about. It is now a year before the European elections, an event that obviously invites reflection about what has happened over the current parliamentary term. In the context of my office, this means examining any changes, positive or negative, vis-à-vis the quality of the EU public administration when it comes to acting in an open, ethical and accountable manner...

The full news is available here.

 

In 2019, European Populism Will Assert More Power

Stephen Pope, Forbes

The vote for “Brexit” in 2016, a surge of support for UK’s Labour and Jeremy Corbyn in 2017 plus the victory of “The League” and “Five Star Movement” in Italy during 2018 are not the high watermark of European populism.

The full article is available here.

 

Saving European Democracy Starts at Home

Kartik Raj, Benjamin Ward, ForeignPolicy

Among media analysts and academics, there is a widespread belief that one man, President Emmanuel Macron of France, can stem the tide of radical right populism in Europe. Macron burnished his credentials as the continent’s leading defender of liberal democracy in a major speech at the European Parliament on April 17. His central message was to respond to the populists’ rise not with “authoritarian democracy, but the authority of democracy.”

The full article is available here.

 

Populism and Trust in Europe: Perspectives for 2019

European Ombudsman

Contemporary politics is often mediated through the same binary lens. Brexit is Independence Day or Armageddon; Donald Trump will make America great again or bring the international order to its knees. Populism is a threat to liberal democracy or a legitimate means of taking back control. Western Europe has been war free for the last seventy years, it has relatively high levels of social protection, many world beating cities when it comes to quality of life, a Union that managed to protect the Euro, avoid Brexit contagion, emerge from the worst of the financial crisis, and is still a champion of the universality and indivisibility of human rights.

The full speech is available here.

 

Populism’s rising tide

Mujtaba Rahman, Politico

The first is easy: EU citizens are poised to send more populists – from the left and the right – to Brussels than ever before. The second is unlikely, some say, because populists disagree too strongly among themselves to unite and are unlikely to reach a majority. But it would be a mistake to assume that means their impact will be minimal.

The full article is available here.

 

EU Elections: Has Populism Peaked?

Andre Tartar and Hayley Warren, Bloomberg

The stakes are high for this year’s elections to the European Parliament, with widespread predictions that a growing chorus of populists will see historic gains at the expense of establishment parties. Yet a Bloomberg analysis suggests that even a strong showing won’t necessarily translate into power over legislation, and the European Union ballot might instead prove to be the high-water mark for the insurgents.

The full article is available here.

 

Eurosceptic parties could win a third of seats or more in May elections: Study

Cristina Abellan Matamoros, euronews

Eurosceptic parties are set to win a third of the seats or more in May's European Parliament elections, warned a study by the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR). The study said the elections could "see a group of nationalist anti-European political parties that advocate a return to a 'Europe of the nations' win a controlling share of seats in the European Parliament".

The full article is available here.

 

'Europe needs take the positives from populism, not just fight it'

Maria Irene Giuntella, euronews

“Without citizens’ participation, Europe is in trouble. Democracy means citizens engagement in politics”. That’s what Yves Sintomer, a French sociologist from the Centre Marc Bloch said clearly during a debate at the Italian Institute of Culture in Brussels.

The full article is available here.

 

Renewing Europe

Emmanuel Macron, Project Syndicate

European citizens need to learn from the Brexit impasse and apply those lessons ahead of and after the European Parliament election in May. That means embracing reforms that advance the three goals that lie at the heart of the European project.

The full article is available here.

 

How to Beat a Populist

Sławomir Sierakowski, Project Syndicate

The progressive reformer Zuzana Čaputová’s victory in Slovakia's presidential election suggests that populists' biggest strength is a weak opposition. If her winning formula is adopted elsewhere, populist forces' recent gains in Western democracies could be reversed.

The full article is available here.